Perfecting purification

In a study aimed at finding the most effective purifying oil for crude titanium tetrachloride, Nynas’ researchers obtained near perfection from one mineral oil and promising results from a hybrid biogenic oil.

Anna Eriksson

Technical Manager for Tyre and Chemical Industry
Nynas AB

Used daily in many applications and in different forms, titanium is part of everyday life. In pure metal form and as alloys it is widely used in high performance engineering due to its corrosion resistance, light weight, and strength. However, about 95 percent of all titanium is utilised as titanium dioxide (TiO2) to produce white pigment for paints, plastics, paper, etc. 

Titanium dioxide is also how it occurs in nature, where titanium is found in several different minerals. Extracting the TiO2 involves first a chlorination process that produces titanium tetrachloride TiCl4 along with chlorides of other metals present in the ore.

“Most of the metal chloride impurities can be removed from the crude TiCl4 by distillation. However, vanadium chlorides, and especially vanadium oxychloride (VOCl3), are particularly challenging, as their boiling points are very similar to that of TiCl4,” explains Anna Eriksson, Technical Manager at Nynas.

As a result, the chlorination process needs to be followed by a purification step in which reagents bind to the impurities. In industry, organic reagents such as mineral or vegetable oil are often used in the purification process.

“The mechanism of organic reagents is still unclear, but the hypothesis is that the impurities and the oil form complexes of higher boiling point than the desired TiCl4, enabling them to be removed,” says Anna Eriksson.

To test the hypothesis and to assess the purifying performance of different oils, Nynas’ researchers devised a study that included several mineral oils of varying degrees of refinement, a vegetable oil, and the company’s hybrid biogenic NYTEX BIO oil.

“The results show that oils with higher solvency perform better in the purification process. They also point towards a very poor performance of severely refined oils, which supports the hypothesis that the vanadiumimpurities tend to form complexes with aromatic and alkene components in the oil. Hydrogenated paraffinic Group II oil seems not to ‘attract’ the vanadium containing impurities at all, and is therefore ineffective in this process,” says Anna Eriksson.

Before and after

Before and after treatment with NYTEX 8150. The removal of impurities in crude TiCl4 is especially important, as their presence would impact the quality of the TiO2 pigment and the hardness of the titanium metal.

Mineral and biogenic oil vs purification efficiency

The purification potency varied greatly between the different mineral oils, and there is a clear tendency of better performance with oils of a higher solvent power, in the graph indicated in yellow by low aniline points. With its excellent solvent power, NYTEX 8150 proved very effective, reaching close to 100% purification. Both biogenic oils also performed well, with NYTEX BIO offering the added advantage of not being based on food crops. The analysis of the samples was conducted at Mintek in South Africa.

Table showing some characteristics of the oils used in the study

Further reading

Naphthenic oil improves artificial fertilisers

The use of fertilisers around the world to boost agricultural production is both vital and constantly under critical scrutiny. Developing products that provide optimum benefits both economically and from an ecological viewpoint is an important challenge for the artificial fertiliser producer. Very small quantities of oil are employed in the production of fertilisers. The market demands optimal products and every link of the chain must be taken into consideration, including the properties of the oil being used.

Solving the puzzle of Solubility

Solubility is a key focus point for Nynas’ researchers as it is one of the main characteristics to consider when choosing process oil for different applications. However, as the established methods for measuring the dissolving capability of oil are not ideal, the researchers are looking for alternatives.

Hot solution for hot melts

By boosting the compatibility of ingredients, naphthenic mineral oils are providing hot melt adhesive manufacturers with new and more flexible formulations

THERE IS MORE TO US THAN THIS

We are delighted you are interested in our products. If you have any questions about our products and services, get in touch with your local Nynas contact. Besides top quality oils, we offer a wide range of services, including rapid delivery worldwide, training, seminars and much more. All you have to do is ask.

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Eric Alfosea

Sales Manager France

 Stéphanie Ly

Stéphanie Ly

Customer Service Executive

 Christine Le Garrec

Christine Le Garrec

Customer Service Coordinator

Sheilo Mienandi

Sheilo Mienandi

Customer Service Coordinator

Emil Cuculayef

Emil Cuculayef

Sales Manager

 Banu Kibar

Banu Kibar

Customer Service Executive

Cagatay Gürol

Cagatay Gürol

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator